LakeDrops Glossary

CMS

Short for Content Management System. A CMS is an application that lets you administrate digital content without any technical knowledge. It often contains features like user management, access control, content editing, file management and page composition.

GitLab

An platform with a set of essential features for a team like LakeDrops: version control system based on , project management with issues, milestones and agile boards, fully automated pipelines for testing, building and deploying projects and last but not least an integrated wiki for documentation and a knowledge base.

IP Address

All servers and services on the internet do have an address which is known as their IP address. All the underlying technology like sending your browser to the correct web server when you’re visiting a web site is based on those IP addresses.

DNS

Short for Domain Name System. It's like an address book for servers on the internet. Each of those servers has an IP address (or many IP addresses) and optionally in addition one or many domain names. For each of those domain names the provides the associated IP addresses so that the browser knows from where to get the content of e.g. a website.

ISP

Short for Internet Service Provider, They provide services required for individuals and companies to access the internet and to host services like server, websites and online applications.

Open Source

A licensing model for software which keeps the source code open and accessible. However, there is much more to as it's been used widely these days. The details of the software license depend on the specific Open Source license being used, e.g. a variety of GPL, MIT, Apache and others are available. Above and beyond that, Open Source invites developers to look at the code of others (open access), learn from the code of others, fork the code and develop their own branch, contribute back to the open source project of others and last but not least open and freely use and share the project by yourself or for others.

is one if not the largest Open Source software projects on the planet and as such a role model for what makes a successful Open Source project. It's not that everyone is just doing what they want, instead tight planning and management, quality assurance coding standards, security teams and a whole lot more is involved to keep and push Drupal at the edge of high end web frameworks.

FOSS

Short for Free Software. Also sometimes known as FLOSS where the additional "L" wants to emphasize the meaning of "Free" in other languages, like in libre, livre or libero. , FLOSS and Open Source are mostly used for the same or at least similar things, although many people would disagree and only accept one over the others. LakeDrops has no reason to participate in those arguments and wants to focus on the licensing model which has huge relevance for us and in Open Source we're describing what that means.

Proxy

A proxy is either hardware or software that receives the requests from the internet and analyses the nature of that request to decide where to send that request in the internal network and also managing to send the correct response from internal services back to the original requestor.

Robots

This is a name for what could be described as automated website visitors. What they are doing is to automatically visit hundreds or thousands of websites in a very short period of time to either just collect their content for what ever reason and/or to utilise their interactive components to keep the web server behind them busy. There is not necessarily a business reason behind those robots, but they do exist and each website owner needs to deal with their traffic or form submissions.

Root Access

When booking a server on the internet, you either get a managed server, which is managed by the company that runs the data warehouse. Or you get a server (a.k.a. virtual host) with root access, which allows you and your IT staff to fully manage that server themselves and without limitations.